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Most SFSA publications are only available to members; those publications are available on the SFSA Wiki. There are a number of free SFSA publications available to members and non-members alike which can be downloaded from this site, and there are also SFSA publications which are available for purchase.

Policy On use of materials

Free publications

Casteel Reporter - SFSA’s newsletter

Other free SFSA publications:

Member-Only publications

Research Reports
  • Carbon & Low Alloy reports dating back to 1944
    • These documents are available to SFSA members on the Steel Casting Wiki.
    • 1: S-Curves for use in Heat Treatment (Aug. 1944)
    • 2: Relation of Impact Strength in Hardness, Ductility and Strength of Cast Steels at Normal and Low Temperatures (Oct. 1944)
    • 3: Mechanical Properties of Low Alloy Steels (Dec. 1944)
    • 4: Low Ductility and Porosity Due to Hydrogen and Nitrogen Part I - Review of Literature (Feb. 1945)
    • 5: Impact Strength of Alloy Cast Steels (Mar. 1945)
    • 6: Critical Dimensions for Necked-Down Risers (Apr. 1945)
    • 7: Core Oils and Binders (May 1945)
    • 8: Low Temperature Ceramic Glazes as Mold Washes (July 1945)
    • 9: Deoxidation Methods on Impact Properties (April 1946)
    • 10: Austenite Grain Size of Cast Steels (Nov. 1946)
    • 11: Necked-Down Risers for Production (Mar. 1947)
    • 12: The Effect of Homogenization on Cast Steels (May 1947)
    • 13: Riser Efficiency - Part I (July 1947)
    • 14: Effect of Hydrogen and Nitrogen on the Ductility and Porosity of Cast Steels - Part II (Sept. 1947)
    • 15: The Influence of Microstructure on the Mechanical Properties of Cast Steels (Dec. 1947)
    • 16: Weldability of Carbon-Manganese Steels (Feb. 1948)
    • 17: Reproductibility of Results of Tensile Tests on Specimens Prepared from Cast Steel Coupons (May 1948)
    • 18: An Investigation of the Surface Finish of Steel Castings (Aug. 1948)
    • 19: Dendritic and As-Cast Structures (Oct. 1948)
    • 20: Pressure Feeding (Dec. 1948)
    • 21: Flow of Molten Steel in Sand Molds (Aug. 1949)
    • 22: Control of Solidification by the Use of Various Molding Materials (Jan. 1950)
    • 23: Sand Reclamation (April 1950)
    • 24: An Evaluation of Riser Compounds (Aug. 1950)
    • 25: Part II - The Flow of Molten Steel in Sand Molds (Jan. 1951)
    • 26: Metal Removal in the Cleaning of Steel Castings (Sept. 1951)
    • 27: The Machinability of Cast Steels (Aug. 1952)
    • 28: Boron Treated Cast Steels (Feb. 1953)
    • 29: Deoxidation and Desulphurization of Cast Steels with Rare-earth Metals (May 1953)
    • 30: Determination of the Factors Influencing Riser-efficiency - Part II, The Distance Risers Will Feed Uniformly Thick Sections (Sept. 1953)
    • 31: The Performance of Whirl-Gate with Liquid Steel (Dec. 1953)
    • 32: The Effect of Rare-earth Metals on Cast Steels (April 1954)
    • 33: Evaluation of Various Molding Refractories for Casting Steel (Dec. 1954)
    • 34: The Shell Molding Process for Plain Carbon and Low Alloy Steel Castings (Aug. 1955)
    • 35: Fatigue Properties of Comparable Cast and Wrought Steels (Oct. 1955)
    • 36: Blast Cleaning of Steel Castings (Feb. 1956)
    • 37: The Machinability of Steel Casting Surfaces (Aug. 1956)
    • 38: Elements of Design for Prevention of Hot Tearing in Steel Castings (Feb. 1957)
    • 39: A Study of Deoxidation and Desulphurization of Cast Steels (July 1957)
    • 40: The Significance of Liquid Limit in Evaluating Steel Foundry Bentonites (Dec. 1957)
    • 41: The Effect of Heat Treatment Variables on the Toughness of Cast Steels (June 1958)
    • 42: Sodium Silicate-Carbon Dioxide Inorganic Bonds for Molds and Cores (Sept. 1958)
    • 43: The Effect of Deoxidation Variables on the Toughness of Cast Steels (May 1959)
    • 44: Studies of the Design of Steel Castings and Steel Weldments as Related to Methods of Their Manufacture (July 1959)
    • 45: Packing of Steel Foundry Sands (Nov. 1960)
    • 46: Elements of Design for Prevention of Hot Tearing in Steel Castings Part III - Joining of Stress Active Sections (Dec. 1960)
    • 47: The Development of Effective Bentonite Clay Bonds for Steel Foundry Sands (Jan. 1961)
    • 48: An Investigation of Factors Producing the Ceroxide Defect on Steel Castings - Part I - Composition and Sources (Feb. 1961)
    • 49: Tolerances for Steel Castings (April 1961)
    • 50: The Distance Risers Feed Uniformly Thick 4 to 12 Inch Cast Steel Sections (Aug. 1961)
    • 51: The use of Exothermic Pads to Increase the Riser Feeding Distance in Steel Castings - Part I - Padding Horizontally and Vertically Cast Plate Sections (Feb. 1962)
    • 52: An Investigation of Factors Producing the Ceroxide Defect on Steel Castings - Part II - Controlling the Occurrence of Ceroxide by Gating and Trapping (July 1962)
    • 53: Inorganic Bonds for Steel Casting Molds - An Investigation of Colloidal Silica (Aug. 1962)
    • 54: An Investigation of Factors Producing the Ceroxide Defect on Steel Castings - Part III - Commercial Casting Plant Trials (July 1963)
    • 55: Development of a Sodium Silicate Binder for Steel Foundry Sand Molds (Nov. 1963)
    • 56: Properties of Thick Section Steel Castings (Oct. 1964)
    • 57: Vacuum Degassing for Steel Castings (May 1965)
    • 58: The Lateral Feeding of Risers for Steel Castings (Aug. 1965)
    • 59: Desulphurization Prior to the Boil (Oct. 1965)
    • 60: Further Investigations on Sodium Silicate-CO2 Binder for Molds (Dec. 1965)
    • 61: Silicon Metal Fines Used for Setting Sodium Silicate Bonded Steel Foundry Molds (Jan. 1966)
    • 62: Efficiency of Blast Cleaning (April 1966)
    • 63: The Effect of Gating Design on the Surface Quality of Steel Castings (Oct. 1966)
    • 64: Atmospheric Corrosion of Carbon and Low Alloy Cast Steels (March 1967)
    • 65: Refractory Facing Materials for Steel Foundry Molds (June 1967)
    • 66: Determination of Metal Taper to Produce Radiographic Soundness in Uniform Cast Steel Sections (July 1967)
    • 67: The Use of Exothermic Pads to Increase the Riser Feeding Distance in Steel Castings (Aug 1967)
    • 68: Reverse Slag Process (Nov. 1967)
    • 69: The Effect of Chemical Additives at the Mold-Metal Interface (Jan. 1968)
    • 70: High Purity Alumina Ladle Linings (March 1968)
    • 71: The Effect of Sulfur and Phosphorus on the Dynamic Properties of Cast Steel (Oct. 1968)
    • 72: Fluid Sand Process for Steel Castings (Dec. 1968)
    • 73: The Search for Cause and Effect Relations (Dec. 1970)
    • 74: The Effect of Cold Setting Binders on Casting Surfaces (May 1971)
    • 75: The Nil Ductility Transition Temperature of Cast Steels (Aug. 1971)
    • 76: Survey of New Methods of Cleaning Steel Castings - CaC12 Conditioning (Dec. 1971)
    • 77: The Flow of Liquid Steel in Molds (April 1972)
    • 78: Unusual Ways to Reduce the Cost of Surface Defects (May 1973)
    • 79: Refractory Facings for Molds (June 1973)
    • 80: The Toughness of Cast Steels NDTT, Charpy V-notch and Dynamic Tear Tests (May 1974)
    • 81: Plane Strain Fracture Toughness of Cast Steels (Feb. 1975)
    • 82: Brittle, Rock Candy Type Fracture - Cause and Cures (Sept. 1975)
    • 83: Evaluation of Riser Feeding Aids (July 1977)
    • 84: Dimensional Tolerances (Aug. 1977)
    • 85: Fatigue Behavior of Cast Steel - Effects of Shot Peening, Carburization and Decarburization (Jan. 1978)
    • 86: Machine Assisted Finishing of Steel Castings (April 1978)
    • 87: Surface Contamination of Steel Castings from Furan and Phenolic No-Bake Binders (May 1979)
    • 88: Cement Binders for Steel Castings Production (May 1980)
    • 89: Whirlgates for Large Steel Castings (Sept. 1980)
    • 90: Shortened Cycle Heat Treatment of Cast Steel (Feb. 1981)
    • 91: Contamination of Steel Castings from Riser Sleeve and Topping Materials with Reference to Under-riser Cracking (Dec. 1981)
    • 92: The Inmold Deoxidation of Steel Castings (March 1982)
    • 93: Toughness of Heavy Sectioned Cast Steel for Arctic Service (April 1982)
    • 94A: Fatigue and Fracture Toughness of Five Carbon and Low Alloy Cast Steels at Room or Low Climatic Temperatures (Oct. 1982)
    • 94B: Fatigue and Fracture Toughness of Five Carbon or Low Alloy Cast Steels at Roomor Low Climatic Temperatures (May 1983)
    • 95: Evaluating the Effects of Quenching Variables on Hardening of Steel (Jan. 1984)
    • 95A: Evaluation of the Effects of Quenching Variables on Hardening Steel (May '85)
    • 96: Weldability of Cast Carbon and Low Alloy Steels - Effect of Microstructure and Hydrogen Induced HAZ Cracking Susceptibility (Jan. 1985)
    • 97: Ladle Desulfurization of Acid Melted Cast Steel (Feb. 1985)
    • 98: Filtration of Liquid Steel (May 1986)
    • 99: Detecting Aluminum Nitride Grain Boundary Embrittlement in Cast Steel (Nov. 86)
    • 100: Development of Casting Technology to Allow Direct Use of Steel Castings in High Speed Machining Lines (May 1987)
    • 101: Intercritical Heat Treatment of C-Mn and 8630 Type Cast Steels (July 1987)
    • 102A: The Behavior of Iron Oxide as an Additive to No-bake Sands for the Reduction of Casting Defects (July 1990)
    • 103: Effects of Melt Practice, Core Binder, and Core Density on Hot Tearing of Cast Steel (January 1991)
    • 104: Ladle Treating, Pouring and Gating for the Production of Clean Steel Castings (January 1991)
    • 105: Role of As-Cast Microstructure in the Development of Properties in Heat Treated Cast Steels (June 1991)
    • 106: Clean Cast Steel Technology (January 1994)
    • 107: Properties and Processing of High Strength Low Alloy (HSLA)
    • 108: Clean Cast Steel Technology (September 1995)
    • 109: Initial Study of the Dimensional Variability of Production Steel Castings (September 1995)
    • 110: Development of a Methodology to Predict and Prevent Leaks Caused by Microporosity in Steel Castings (November 2001)
    • 111: Development of New Feeding Distance Rules Using Casting Simulation (2004)
    • 112: Metal Penetration in Sand Molds for Steel Casting (July 2002)
    • 113: Fillability of Thin-Wall Steel Castings (July 2004)
    • 114: Pouring Stream Shrouding Trials (January 2006)
    • 115: Ergonomic Improvements for Foundries (March 2007)
    • 116: Re-Engineering Casting Production Systems (March 2007)
    • 117: Simulation of Dimensional Changes and Hot Tears During Solidification of Steel Castings (August 2017)
    • 118: Simulation of Distortion and Residual Stress Development During Heat Treatment of Steel Castings (August 2017)
  • High Alloy
    • These documents are available to SFSA members on the Steel Casting Wiki.
    • A-75: Hot-Cracking of CN-7M (March 1984)
    • A-78-79: Effects of Nitrogen Additions on CF-3 and CF-8 Stainless Steels (May 1985)
    • A-82: Sensitization Behavior of Cast Stainless Steels Subject to Weld Repair (August 1984)
    • A-85: The Role of Nitrogen in the Corrosion Behavior of Cast Austenitic and Duplex Stainless Steels (January 1988)
    • A-91: D.C. Plasma-Arc Refining (January 1992)
    • A-92: Development of Database Design Rules For Cast, High Alloy Steel Components - Final Report (3.7MB PDF)
    • A-93: Improved Process Procedures for Upgrading and Repair of High Alloy Stainless Steel Castings - Duplex Stainless Steels (March 2001)
    • A-94: Ferrite Measurement in Austenitic and Duplex Stainless Steel Castings (March 2001)
    • A-95: Systematic Microstructural & Corrosion Performance Evaluation of CK3MCuN & CK3MN High Molybdenum Stainless Steel Castings (March 2002)
    • A-96: Feeding and Risering of High-Alloy Steel and Nickel-Based Alloy Castings (July 2006)
    • A-97: Heat Treatment Procedure Qualification (March 2007)
    • A-99: Optimization of Heat Treatments on Stainless Steel Castings for Improved Corrosion Resistance and Mechanical Properties (October 2016)
    • A-101: Phase Transformations in Cast Highly Alloyed Stainless Steels (August 2017)
  • Special Reports
    • These documents are available to SFSA members on the Steel Casting Wiki.
    • 1: Hot-Tear Defects in Steel Castings (March 1970)
    • 2: Scab, Buckle and Rat-tail Defects on Steel Castings (April 1970)
    • 3: Ceroxide Defects in Steel Castings (April 1970)
    • 4: Adhering-sand Defects on Steel Castings (May 1970)
    • 5: Eroded-sand Defects on Steel Castings (Sept. 1970)
    • 6: Pinhole Defects in Steel Castings (Sept. 1970)
    • 7: A Computer Program for Calculating Feeding Distance in Cast Steel Plates Programmer's Reference Manual, F-plate (Oct. 1970 - distributed on request only)
    • 8: A Literature Survey of Specialty Sands: Chromite, Zircon, Olivine and Aluminum Silicate (May 1972)
    • 9: Management and Process Controls (July 1973)
    • 10: A Review of Intermediate and High Strength Steels - Their Properties and Applications (Sept. 1974)
    • 11: A Review of Welding Cast Steels and Its Effect on Fatigue and Toughness Properties (Dec. 1974)
    • 12: The Morphology of Brittle Interangular Fracture of Steel Castings and the Effects of Processing Variables on Its Occurrence (Sept. 1975)
    • 13: Evaluation of Exothermic and Insulating Materials - A Literature Review (March 1977)
    • 14: Literature Review of Discontinuities in Steel Centrifugal Castings (May 1977)
    • 15: Survey of Cut-Off Techniques for Foundry Cleaning Rooms (June 1977)
    • 16: Reclamation of No-Bake Organic and Sodium Silicate Sands (Dec. 1978)
    • 17: A Literature Survey of Steel Casting Quenching Efficiency (June 1981)
    • 18: Influence Section Size on the Mechanical Properties of Cast and Wrought Stainless Steels (Oct. 1981)
    • 19: A Literature Survey of Intercritical Heat Treatment (March 1982)
    • 20: Literature Review of Martensitic Stainless Steels (March 1982)
    • 21: Literature Review - Weldability of Cast Steels (March 1982)
    • 22: Gating and Risering - A Summary of Technical & Operating Conference Papers (Feb. 1984)
    • 23: Making Quality Steel Castings: A Review of 20 Years of SFSA Literature (March 1984)
    • 24: The Weldability of High Alloy Cast and Wrought Materials: A Literature Review (Dec. 1989)
    • 25: Review of Deoxidation Practice (March 1990)
    • 26: Analysis of Water Modeling as a Means of Studying Air Entrainment and Filter Effectiveness as Steel Castings are Poured (March 1993)
    • 27: Metalcasting Lead Time and Cost Reduction - Software Tools (1.8MB PDF)
    • 28: Metalcasting Lead Time and Cost Reduction - Rapid Prototyping (545kB PDF)
    • 29: Assessing and Controlling Casting Dimensional Variability (848kMB PDF)
    • 30: Yield in Steel casting Industry (January 1998)
    • 31: Duplex Stainless Steels - A State of the Art Literature Review (March 2001)
    • 32: Yield Improvement Case Studies - A collection of cast study reports completed for the Yield Improvement in Steel Castings Project (February 2002)
  • Research Foundation Reports
    • These documents are available to SFSA members on the Steel Casting Wiki.
    • A: Studies of the Design of Steel Castings and Steel Weldments as related to methods of Their Manufacture (Castings vs. Weldments - 1959)
    • B: Correlation of Destructive Testing of Steel Castings with Stress Analysis and Mechanical Properties (A Summary Rpt. - 1962)
    • C: The Effects of Surface Discontinuities on the Fatigue Properties of Cast Steel Sections (1966)
    • D: Impact Properties of Cast Steel Sections with Surface Discontinuities (1967)
    • E: The Evaluation of Discontinuities in Commercial Steel Castings by Dynamic Loading to Failure in Fatigue (1967)
    • F: Fatigue of Cast Steels, Part I - A Study of the Notched Effect and the Specimen Design and Loading. Part II - Fractographic Studies of Fatigue and Cast Steels (1967)
    • G: The Effect of Internal Shrinkage Discontinuities on the Fatigue and Impact Properties of Cast Steel Sections (1969)
    • H: Review of Welding Cast Steels and its Effects on Fatigue and Toughness (1979)
  • Technical Service Reports
    • These documents are available to SFSA members on the Steel Casting Wiki.
    • 101: Observations of the Effect of Nitrogen on Austenite Stability in CF-3 and CF-8 Stainless Steel (Mar. 1990)
    • 102: Results of Examination of 7 Carbon Steel Casting Defects (Apr. 1990)
    • 103: Identification of Porosity and Causes of Inclusions in Induction Melted 440 C Stainless Plate Castings (Aug. 1990)
    • 104: Analysis of Inclusion Sources in Bars Cast from Acid Melted Carbon Steel (Aug. 1990)
    • 105: Microstructural Analysis of Hot Tears in a WCB Steel Valve Body (Sept. 1990)
    • 106: Possible Localized Corrosion of A216 WCB Cast Carbon Steel in HF Acid Service (Dec. 1990)
    • 107: Microstructural Analysis of Defects in Brake Wheel Housings (Dec. 1991)
    • 108: Cleanliness of Conventionally Deoxidized and Calcium Treated Low Carbon Steel (Nov. 1991)
    • There is no report 109
    • 110: Microstructural Analysis of Porosity in a WCB Valve Disk (Dec. 1991)
    • 111: Determining Source of Inclusions on the Cope Surface of a Rack Casting (Jan. 1992)
    • 112: Weld Cracking of HP-40 Steel (Apr. 1992)
    • There is no report 113
    • 114: Refractory Debris in the Cope Surface of a Carbon Steel Casting (Feb. 1993)
    • 115: Lamination Defect in a WCB Pillow Block (Jan. 1993)
    • 116: Steel Penetration into a Washed Zircon Core (Feb. 1993)
    • 117: Black Hole Defect in an AOD Refined, WCB Valve Body (Mar. 1993)
    • 118: An Examination of Low Impact Toughness Quenched and Tempered Low Alloy Steel (Mar. 1993)
    • 119: Analysis of a Scab Defect from a WCB Casting (Mar. 1993)
    • 120: Low Impact Toughness in Thick Section Quenched and Tempered Heavy Section Steel Castings (Jul. 1995)
    • 121: Evaluation of Cracking and Corrosion Sensitivity of a CN-3MN Casting / SMA Bead-on-Plate Welding using Inconel 112 Electrodes (Apr. 1995)
    • 122: Failure Analysis of Cast Rudder CG-6MN (Nitronic 50)
    • 123: Brittle Fracture in a WCB Steel Casting (Jul. 1995)
    • 124: Analysis of Defects of the Bored Surface of Six 1025 Carbon Steel Castings (Aug. 1995)
    • 125: Mechanical Properties of ASTM Cast Equivalents to Wrought Product Designations (Mar 1996)
    • 126: Ductility Problems - Type II Sulfides (Jun. 2000)
  • Other Member-Only publications
    • These documents are available to SFSA members on the Steel Casting Wiki.
    • Fundamentals of Steel Castings Design. Charles W. Briggs, SFSA (6MB)
    • Fracture Toughness in Relation to Steel Castings Design and Application. W.J. Jackson, SCRATA. SFSA (968 KB)
    • Fundamentals of Core Sands and Binders. SFSA 1961 (817 KB)
    • Fundamentals of Risering Steel Castings. SFSA 1960 (426 KB)
    • Fundamentals of Steel Foundry Sands. Charles Briggs. SFSA 1959 (1.58 MB)
    • Process Control for Quality. Quality Assurance Task Force, SFSA. (1.14 MB)
    • Gating and Risering. SFSA 1982 (1.33 MB)
    • The Solidification of Steel Castings. SFSA, 1965 (2.29 MB)
    • Hot Tears in Steel Castings. SFSA 1968 (1.39 MB)
    • Microstructures of Heat-Resistant Alloys. Battelle Memorial Institute. Alloy Casting Institute Division, SFSA, 1970. (21.16 MB)
    • Atlas of Cast Corrosion-Resistant Alloy Microstructures. Charles Bates, Larry Tillery, Southern Research Institute. SFSA (6.67 MB)
    • Steel Casting Metallurgy. SFSA 1984 (2.79 MB)
    • Steel Castings Handbook Fourth Edition. Charles W. Briggs, SFSA, 1970 (22.44 MB)
    • Steel Foundry Melting Practice. SFSA 1973 (493 KB)
    • The Flow of Steel in Molds. SFSA 1958 (1.9 MB)
    • Troubleshooting the Steel Casting Process. SFSA 1987 (4.42 MB)
    • Ultrasonic Testing of Steel Castings. J.D. Lavender, SCRATA. SFSA 1976 (1.66 MB)
    • Cast to Shape - A history of the steel casting industry in the United States. William P. Conway, Jr., SFSA, 1977 (5.08MB)
    • Alloy Casting Institute Standard for the Visual Inspection of Casting Surfaces. SFSA 1969 (1.6MB)
    • Feeding and Risering Guidelines for Steel Castings (Red Book). SFSA 2001 617 KB
    • Steelmaking for Steel Founders. SCRATA. SFSA 1979 6.31 MB
    • A Review of the Use of Chills. William D. Scott
    • Castings or Forgings?. An honest presentation of the advantages and limits of both steel component forms allows users to make informed choices when considering a forged or cast design.
    • Recommended Practice for the Welding of Steel Castings. SFSA 1951 2.7 MB
    • Recommended Practice for Repair Welding and Fabrication Welding of Steel Castings. SFSA July 1969 3.4 MB

Publications available for purchase